This page describes that part of the
German legal process (based at Dortmund in northern Germany) that was used post-war to determine which of its citizens
accused of war-crimes, were to be allowed to be extradited by foreign countries
in order to stand trial there. Oradour was of course not the only war-crime for which
justice was sought and many other crimes were considered in the post-war years.
As this website is about Oradour-sur-Glane in France and what happened there on
10th June 1944, only the parts played by Heinrich Bernard Lammerding as the
commander of Das Reich and other persons from that Division will be covered on this page.
Following representations from France in
the years following the war and especially following
the trial at Bordeaux in 1953, the German
authorities carried out their own investigations into whether or not some of
their citizens should stand trial for what happened at Oradour. This process
took the form of a series of interviews with the people involved, at which they
were able to put their side of the story. In addition, the accused could call
upon other witnesses in order to show that they were not culpable and should not
have to stand charge, either in Germany or in another country.
In respect of what happened at Oradour,
the French authorities especially wanted to have Lammerding on trial in France,
for instigating the: "Crime committed by the 2nd SS Division Das Reich
under orders of General Lammerding". Lammerding, having already
been condemned to death in absentia for the killings at Tulle on the 9th June
1944, was naturally not willing to voluntarily go to France and so an
initiated at Dortmund to determine whether or not he had a
case to answer. The hearings eventually concluded that there was insufficient evidence
against Lammerding, or anyone else from the Division to justify allowing the French to have
them extradited and so post the 1953 trial in Bordeaux, no one ever had to stand trial
in France itself.
I do not think that I will attempt to obtain and translate any more of these
files as there seems to me to be little point in reiterating again and again the
same message. The consensus of all the statements is that Lammerding did not
order the attack on Oradour and neither did Stadler, the Regimental Commander.
The inference is that Diekmann went and did it of his own volition as a result
of grossly exceeding his orders from Stadler to free Kämpfe and take hostages as
have the following statements from various witnesses as to what happened at
Oradour on 10 June 1944 and to the extent of their involvement in the attack.
Heinrich Bernhard Lammerding, the commander of Das Reich on the 10th June
Sylvester Stadler, the commander of the Der Führer
Regiment on the 10th June 1944.
Otto Weidinger, who became the commander of Der Führer
Regiment on the 14th June 1944.
Detlef Okrent, the Das Reich Divisional judge on the
10th June and the man charged by Lammerding with carrying out the internal
investigation into the Oradour affair.
Otto Erich Kahn, the second-in-command at Oradour and
who was thought (by the French) to be in hiding in Sweden (in fact he was living
under his own name in Germany).
Georg René Boos, who had been tried and convicted at
Bordeaux in 1953 and was now a free man after serving his sentence.
Rudolf Lusar, a non-SS, Luftwaffe Officer, who claims to
have met Diekmann in Bordeaux after the 10th June 1944.
mentioned in his testimony that this, "statement
appears to me strange somehow".
Gerlach, a member of the Divisional staff of Das Reich Division and not to
be confused with Karl Gerlach of the Assault Gun Detachment.
Gerlach, a member of the Assault Gun Detachment and who was kidnapped by the
resistance on 9th June, but escaped after being taken (according to his
testimony) to Oradour-sur-Glane. This testimony is not actually part of the
Dortmund process, but is included for the sake of completeness and ease of
reference by the reader (i.e. to keep all the personal testimonies of those
involved in Oradour together).
Other people gave their testimonies as well as those
shown and their names will be added above when their statements have been
located and translated.
these men came forward and voluntarily gave their testimony as to what had
happened and their involvement (if any) in the affair of Oradour. This includes
Kahn, who was by far the most involved of all of them. He had actually been
there as second-in-command and was the most wanted man (by the French)
after Lammerding himself. Nevertheless, in the spirit of comradeship which had
characterised the SS, they all came forward and spoke-up in support of
Lammerding. Their testimony is universal in that they all, without exception,
say that either Lammerding was not involved, or that his name was never
mentioned by anyone in connection with the affair (and so by inference, that he
had not ordered the attack).
I have obtained access to the whole
of the Dortmund file of between 800 - 1000 pages on the basis that I do not
share it directly with anyone else. From this file, I have been able to have
copies made of all the witnesses statements (which includes all the names above)
and I shall, after translating them, give an account of their content and
meaning here, without actually displaying them verbatim. I appreciate that this
is not as satisfactory as showing the entire contents of the statements as I
have been able to do, for example with Kahn's statement,
but this is a consequence of my being given access to the whole file. In effect,
I will be showing a paraphrased version of the statements. If anyone wishes to
see the whole file for themselves, they are free to ask permission from the
Landesarchiv and there is no charge to read the file. If paper copies are
required there is a charge based on the number of sheets, but it is not
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© Michael Williams: 26 July 2013 ... revised
24 January 2017.